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Ildir
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Ildir (Ancient Erythrai)

Ildir, as it is known today, or Erythrai as the Ionians called it nearly 3000 years ago, is a small village about 20 kilometers northeast of Cesme. Ildir, as many areas around Cesme, is worth seeing just for the natural beauty but it also possesses a historical feature to it that makes it even more ineteresting.


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Erythrai was one of 12 Ionian cities located in Asia Minor and was founded by the Cretan Erythrus about 2700 years ago. At first an Ionian union member, the town later joined forces with the Athenians and the Persians. Never a large city (the population at that period is estimated to be 15-20,000 people), Erythrai gained fame as a producer of high quality wine and millstones. The city gained its independence thanks to Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. and then later aligned with the kingdom of Pergamum and then the Roman Empire, the latter of which ended up plundering and pillaging the city. And after the earthquakes in the first century, the city lost nearly all its remaining importance.

The ruins of Erythrai were partially unearthed during some excavations in the 1960's but most of the city is still underground. Turkey, extremely rich in historical artifacts, still has most of its archeological wealth underground due to the high costs of such excavations and Erythrai is just one of these ancient sites. Take a look around Ildir and you will immediately see stones and relics from more than 2.5 millenia ago with some antique stones resting in the artichoke fields of local farmers.

Today Ildir is not as touristically popular as some other areas of Cesme. Because of its 20 kilometer distance to Cesme, there isn't much tourism investment except for one large hotel and some smaller ones. Besides the small fishing village, most of the area is dotted with summer homes. As a result, the area is comparatively quiet. Because of the pretty sea views from its hills, the setting has been host to several popular Turkish TV shows. If you're looking for a relatively quiet Aegean holiday, you may prefer to stay in Ildir. If you're staying in Cesme and have access to a car, a day trip to the area is warranted even if just for the historical aspect.

Photos
Ildır Deniz
Ildır Deniz
Ildır Rum Evi
Ildır Rum Evi
Amforalar
Amforalar
Erythrai
Erythrai
Ildır Koyu
Ildır Koyu
Ildır
Ildır
Zeki Müren Adası
Zeki Müren Adası
Zeytinlikler
Zeytinlikler
Eski Rum Evi
Eski Rum Evi
Ildır
Ildır
Ildır Ada
Ildır Ada
Ildır, Ege
Ildır, Ege
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